tv World Apart with Oxana Boyko RT September 22, 2013 10:29am-11:01am EDT
the summer. in the southern hemisphere. and ends in much. water is drained from the station and windows. is given even the slightest chance to sneak in it will be impossible to get out. to be shut down no one can survive without heat. takes just a few hours to complete. the station is ready for winter. helicopter will fly people to the second to make field
of. them are no good to say you know good to see you back here they told us you would come you're here and fortune is smiling upon us again everything's going to be great. i'm going to be eighty five in april now i only go to the duchess. and antarctica. i'm drawn towards it my wife isn't even aware of these expeditions in the last few years.
rushes expeditions to antarctica from cape town south africa while the ship stays in port for a few days the team members enjoy some time off. many of them want to take a tour to the cape of good hope. unfortunately there's not enough space on the bus so the polar explorers decide to draw lots to determine who gets to go. in the soviet era to get to antarctica it wasn't enough to just be lucky you needed relevant experience with drift ice in the arctic as well as recommendations there was no other way to reach the southernmost continent today it's enough to send your resume to the arctic and antarctic research institute along with a clean bill of health. just two days ago both the new comers and both are heading to antarctica for the first time they get to spend the whole winter together at the nova lot of gas station. me. i heard about it in the
institute but i just put it on the back burner at the time it wasn't what i was dreaming about constantly. i wasn't even thinking about antarctica six months ago. i was pretty scared about two days before we were meant to leave. i didn't feel that way but when you actually realize it's here when the data sets and your dream is ready to come true it's tough. what's next i don't know if i like it i'll keep doing it but if. they will both fly to antarctica from cape town. the landing strips can only operate for short periods. the weather is too unreliable and the distance too great. for example even in early autumn the
temperature at the station falls to sixty degrees below zero skids can get no traction when the snow is that cold. in a month's time the academic field will deliver a year's worth of food and fuel for the station. we'll spend the winter the ship is a floating headquarters. of the seasonal expedition. and the head of the winter team. right now i spend less time at home then. of course my family is waiting for me back home but i think they get fed up with me after a while but. they are used to living with me just the way it is. gave me one toilet roll he told me it would be enough until i get home i said for a year and he answered when i say home i mean.
those who are experienced are already used to it the newcomers have this mix of romanticism and pragmatism. i used to be a bureaucrat. seriously at some point i just started to feel better antarctica was the only thing that was true and real. from st petersburg and. i'm going to spend the whole year at the progress research station. time to clear things up and answer the main question who am i what changes the way to. probably happen. this is antarctica. kind of uncomfortable after the ship right.
was one of the pioneers of russian antarctica there was nothing here except a rock before the first generation of explorers with plenty of experience in the north pole landed here on the southern continent. i know how low. it was but two russian stations from the ground up he spent almost every winter here our first joy decks position was number nineteen this is a good keeping up with tradition of photographing each winter team it's really good. come to check up on the progress station after it's reconstruction it's recently been named the capital of the russian expedition. are you happy i can see that compared to other stations here this place is heaven.
in the life of a station. everybody. twenty five people will be. at the program. i'm johnny. the head of the station is like a ship's captain he is responsible for everything without his permission no one can leave the station a little later they'll be given a mandatory briefing although many of them don't need it this is not their first winter here. hello there. so who knows our place is dear i do. ok dr.
david doctor. to. take this one it will be your room. roughly the same way they have. and a galley. the first expeditions arrived here by ship as a result. and everyone takes their routine tasks. this is absolutely a second home. you don't have to feel that it's a temporary. when you're here you have to feel at home a year is a long time. it's not so easy to live here for a year. not yet i'm waiting on my partner he's probably busy with science right now. i don't
know. today the whole station is focused on the same job unloading food containers brought in by helicopter from the i could demick field of old and new teams are working together the winter team is made up of a few scientists a chef two doctors and others responsible for maintaining the research station it's easy to see who's already spent a year here. there are no women here why should i shave. it's really difficult to spend a year with just. i never smoked before but i started to became the head of the station because they were always complaining. someone with their mouth open or someone doesn't wash their socks or someone snores or someone said something inappropriate about their wife or mother complaints every single day.
women do not spend winter at the russian stations married couples were brought here several times as an experiment but it didn't work out. they sent an engineer his wife was a cook it was hard work. to carry a heavy bag. she couldn't do it so he had to draw he was doing to help her. he couldn't do his job because of that because he had to help her. and that's even touching the deeper psychological issues. there are two cooks here the weather may change but lunch can never be postponed. here. steak with onions and mushrooms. beef liver. and
sausages. i always say guys why do you love sausages so much look we've got steak says liver oh these cutlets what is it with sausages. what they do is they put all the good stuff on one plates and then come back with another plate and take two more sausages it doesn't matter after consulting with the cook the station has to buy food for example instead of buying lemons it's better to get limes they stay fresh longer experience has taught them ways to keep goods fresh for a whole year. eggs can be preserved for a whole year if you turn them every ten days that way the yolk won't dry up and go bad space should be left between bags to keep onions but it's impossible to say how long a cabbage can stay fresh. so there is one time i peeled it all the way to the center
and i wrapped each one in paper after like they used to in old time but it didn't help it kept going off i wrapped each a cabbage head but there were no changes so i don't know that is why it stays in it's a string bag now if it starts rotting we peel it and eat it quickly. and antartica teaches hills and breaks but it trains you is well. i'm much more modest now. but this is my sixth winter here it's been nine years in antarctica over ready they ask me all the time why do you go there you idiot you saw it once ok twice there's nothing special about it. people change that's true they do. first of all
when they go back home they're already dreaming of returning to here again. you might think there could be nothing more monumental and timeless than the view of this landscape. but it is only temporary over three days the view will change at least three times. to least be told language. full of programs and documentaries in arabic it's all here on. reporting from the world talks books v.o.i.p. interviews intriguing stories for you. says than trying.
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told pictures of today's news. on demand from around the globe. up to. fifty. just a few days remain for the summer team to hand over to their winter colleagues former bureaucrat johnny spent a year studying magnate ology really wanted to come to the antarctic every station has its own magnetic room there are no metallic objects in such rooms the temperature is kept stable at approximately twenty five degrees celsius a computer constantly records changes and time has to be accurate to the second clocks must be adjusted in a very special way. for three days we can only take note there's no time to make
changes. dreamed about and talk to several years for example if we take a calm in russia it will show us north that way but if you take it here it will show north that way even though in that way if we follow the compass as we used to do it in russia we won't end up in india. but in chile south america she. as a student he proposed geological theory it was important to go to antarctica to collect the data he needed. this i didn't find anything new for. here there are no influence like t.v. or anything like this. you have to sit and think. simply sitting and thinking you should.
keep his instruments in a corner of the same room his job is to monitor high altitude conditions. to be sent to an institute in st petersburg and the equipment needs regular adjustment. in fact every. specifics such detail each new generation of polar explorer. information at the station. is very important we make aeronautical charts for aircraft like how high helicopters can fly for instance. over the world at midnight g.m.t. russian polar explorers have long invented new ways to make the process more efficient such as how to make them easier to release. short.
like this there's about fifty meters of. kerosene and benzene that. we came up with it makes it fly higher it can fly up to thirty kilometers. without it it will only go as high as twenty two. other countries don't care so much. and how to make. their inflated with hydrogen. there's a rope down there reference point i can check the top point of the balloon by using that there we go. today none of the scientists remember who actually came up with these ideas. from arctic experience it was our own atmospheric scientists who invented them. not every antarctic station
has its own atmospheric scientist but all of them have a meteorologist he doesn't get the chance to get eight hours of sleep because he has to submit weather data every six hours and he has to go to the weather station every day. has a sort of utilitarian value. let's take the weather data as an example mike mccue you know we have all the data and the prediction and notice will work out if we move the. palm and there will be no information from that anymore but i think. the two are used to. the boy. generally almost all of the scientific work in antarctica comes down to monitoring investigations and observing different processes. science doesn't play the main role. and even though all of us pretend to do it
here the main idea of. politics. is the most important thing here. science is just more for show that they are where you are goes i'm going. to have to make sure we have a claim here. water for the station is drawn from. at the progress station they can automatically get water from a nearby lake but the polar explorers don't like it. they're used to going to the remote lakes. seems to taste better but it's an illusion all water here is the same off the distillation. and because of the lack of minerals. problems. better to fill it. table and forget to take difficult.
they can't stand it anymore. because they pull my teeth out all the time here i've lost four in this room alone it's my sacrifice to antarctica. it's been a month since our. station. just but thankfully this month. i even started to study english set up a computer here alexei help me he installed a ton of different programs everything i. usually don't have time for anything or to think about anything seriously but here we have an opportunity to
stop and think it's the first step was the most important thing to me. after a month the new settled into station life which works to a strict. there is one meteorologist one narrowing just one seismologist when geophysicist we still have plenty of work to do with the group no one will do it for you. only kinks are worked out i was really impressed by that. the doors swing and work suddenly all of them to it means the way that you won't wrench it out of your hand and fling it open. all houses are placed in a room with a little tilt from east to west the wind here blows from east to west that's why all of the roads in maine trails have rails and ropes so you can hold onto them if it's windy.
so i called our rooms suites and they burst out laughing. they said they were called cabins. well ok then the cabin is a cabin. after a month alexei has a little more experience and can do his own research is main task is to investigate the earth's climate he has to make a range of observations of the sky researching lunar reflections. and solar phenomena today is the last day to check all the technical details with the help of his predecessor. you have to change the filters here because of the bright moon so be easy take your time things have to be arranged in a proper way. tomorrow he'll leave the rest of the old crew and the new will begin their winter tour of duty. we have a new group of specialists here now all of them are young how are they going to get
along with each other. how old are you twenty. i'm the youngest engineer here i'm twenty three i'm the youngest one here. here by two months. these last few days before winter always the busiest is when the men have to stock up a year's worth of infantry they work all day long. once again so there's a great deal to do and plenty of containers to unload. all of them are waiting for the last helicopter. in my heart i already feel here. the only thing is to get along with the new guys that will be. take a month to get acquainted with and get used to them the shortly after that with the
beginning of winter. after fifty years of a russian presence in antarctica the definition of a polar explorer has changed. there are things i've seen. in the movies and the things we have here now are completely different but we sit here now talking about today's watermelon which was not so tasty and then we retired to our european style rooms about some of this difference with the lives of those who built it all up from the very beginning and conquered nature here were completely different than for this book i felt that. traditionally the last helicopter to leave will circle the station. the ship leaving on time to will sound its horn three times signaling the start of winter. they may still remember the feeling of the helicopter made its last farewell
circling was off mark well it was the beginning of winter and only thirty two people were left i felt kind of sad but. better for the roof. then the long pole the nights began along with inevitable depression because of six months absence of some exhausting snowstorms loan letters home and the desire to see friends and family but even after all that many will still dream about coming back fortunately there's plenty of work here in antarctica for many generations to come. together and unsolved mystery for me. that is an interesting question. which is why does this place attract me so when i'm soul manage if you know what that blowing already. three goodbye
because it is because it was night time for in the morning even the best even the best soldiers. are going to make mistakes this is this whole idea of brotherhood and author and that and camaraderie in this sense it was in this context it has absolutely no place. well if you're going to be. the face it's. a pleasure to have you with us here on our t.v. today i roll researcher.
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